Where does lead come from?

There are four main sources of lead in Cleveland.

What are other lead sources ?

Can adults can get lead poisoning?

1. Adults can only get lead poisoning from work or hobby sources. Examples of adult exposure include rehabbing old buildings, recycling batteries, reloading or cleaning shooting ranges, making fishing lures, and working with some ceramic glazes. Adult bodies do not absorb lead as efficiently as children and their nervous systems are no longer in a developmental phase. 

2. However, no one knows the impact of adult exposure to lead from smoking Marijuana.  (see above)

3. Adults who were exposed WHEN THEY WERE CHILDREN are more likely to have secondary conditions like heart and kidney disease (see below) and...

4. The stress of pregnancy can draw lead stored in the bones into the blood streams of women who were poisoned as children. That lead can cross the placenta and impact the fetus. Good nutrition during pregnancy can reduce or prevent this transfer to lead from the bones to the blood.

AC asks: Who is responsible for testing lead in based on income apartments? 

All tenants living in homes built before 1978 should receive a notice from the landlord of known lead hazards. If landlord does not have knowledge of lead hazards, they still must give a written notice at the beginning of the tenancy. Federal Lead Disclosure law. Disclosure should be updates any time an owner gets new information about lead hazards in the property. 

When a medical provider has evidence that a child an Elevated Blood Lead Level (EBLL), the medical provider notifies the Ohio Department of Health. ODH then contacts the local health department to contact the parents and the property owner about the lead hazards. If a child's EBLL is greater than 10 micrograms/deciliter of blood, the local health department must conduct a lead risk assessment and issue a lead hazard control order to the property owner. Tenants should receive a copy of the LHCO.

In the city of cleveland, owners of properties built before 1978 are required to certify that their properties are "lead safe." The city is phasing in compliance with this requirement based on zip code. Lead Safe Certificates must be renewed every two years. 

Tenants who live in HUD subsidized properties in Cleveland are covered by the new city ordinance EXCEPT FOR TENANTS LIVING IN CONVENTIONAL PUBLIC HOUSING.  HUD regulations in public housing require public housing authorties to make annual visual inspections of paint surfaces. Federal Lead Safe Housing Rule. Cleveland Lead Advocates for Safe Housing (CLASH) is advocating enactment of the Lead Safe Housing for Kids Act 2021. This law would require owners of Federally assisted housing to certify Federally assisted units as "lead safe" when they are occupied by persons under age 6. 

CLASH suggests that tenants in rental housing built before 1978 should report chipping, peeling or deteriorating paint or bare soil to the Cleveland Department of Building and Housing. You can request a copy of CLASH's Brochure "Take Action" by sending an email to clevelandleadsafe@gmail.com or leave a voice or text message at 216-359-1060.

What are the effects of childhood exposure to lead on adults?

Kidney disease: July 16, 2021. U.S. News & World Report. Even a Little Lead in Drinking Water Can Harm People With Kidney Disease. "Low levels of lead in drinking water are widespread in the United States. These findings suggest that U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) rules on allowable lead levels in drinking water pose a risk to the 30 million to 40 million Americans with kidney disease. 'While drinking water may seem uniformly healthy, low levels of lead contamination found in the majority of drinking water systems in the United States may have toxic effects for those with chronic kidney disease,' said lead author Dr. John Danziger, of Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston."

Personality: Jul 12, 2021. UT News. Childhood Lead Exposure May Adversely Affect Adult Personalities, "AUSTIN, Texas — Lead exposure in childhood may lead to less mature and less healthy personalities in adulthood, according to a new study led by psychology researchers at The University of Texas at Austin. The study, published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, sampled more than 1.5 million people in 269 U.S. counties and 37 European nations. Researchers found that those who grew up in areas with higher levels of atmospheric lead had less adaptive personalities in adulthood — lower levels of conscientiousness and agreeableness and higher levels of neuroticism."

Heart disease: Historical lead exposure may be linked to 256,000 premature deaths from cardiovascular disease in adults in United States each year. 

Can plants remove lead in soil?

For years scientists have identified various plants that can absorb lead from soil (bioremediation), but so far there's no practical plan to use bio-remediation on a large scale. The big barrier is: what do you do with the pant residues after the lead has been absorbed. Incineration or composting just puts the lead back into the environment. 

Treating lead contaminated soil with chemicals is another approach to reclaiming lead poisoned soils. One possible approach involves the use of superphosphate, a fertilizer, which binds with lead in soil to make the lead insoluble, ie. unable to be absorbed by living things. Interestingly, orthophosphate is commonly used to bind lead in water systems.

Keep in mind that phosphate run off is a major contributor to harmful algae blooms in Lake Erie. Control your run off!