Where does lead come from?
There are four main sources of lead in Cleveland.
Until 1978, lead was used in paint to make it more durable. As lead paint deteriorates, particles of lead are released as dust into homes. Babies can inhale or ingest lead dust inside a poorly maintained home. Lead dust can be tracked in from outdoors.
Lead was used in gasoline sold in the US from the 1950's to the 1980's. Since lead does not burn, particles of lead were released in car exhausts and landed on soil adjacent to roads and highways.
For hundreds of years lead was used in the pipes that carry water to your home and in plumbing fixtures. Even if your home has copper plumbing, the solder use to join copper pipes contains lead. Lead molecules can dissolve in the water running through lead plumbing and fixtures. Many water companies treat household water with orthophosphate to reduce the likelihood of lead getting into drinking water. Home water filters can help.
Commercial wastes are sometimes full of lead. Lead acid batteries used in automobiles. Bullets and other munitions use lead. Smokestack lead emissions can affect whole communities.
AC asks: Who is responsible for testing lead in based on income apartments? How often is lead test for?
CLASH suggests that tenants in rental housing built before 1978 should report chipping, peeling or deteriorating paint or bare soil to the Cleveland Department of Building and Housing. You can request a copy of CLASH's Brochure "Take Action" by sending an email to firstname.lastname@example.org or leave a voice or text message at 216-359-1060.
What are the effects of childhood exposure to lead on adults?
Kidney disease: July 16, 2021. U.S. News & World Report. Even a Little Lead in Drinking Water Can Harm People With Kidney Disease. "Low levels of lead in drinking water are widespread in the United States. These findings suggest that U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) rules on allowable lead levels in drinking water pose a risk to the 30 million to 40 million Americans with kidney disease. 'While drinking water may seem uniformly healthy, low levels of lead contamination found in the majority of drinking water systems in the United States may have toxic effects for those with chronic kidney disease,' said lead author Dr. John Danziger, of Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston."
Personality: Jul 12, 2021. UT News. Childhood Lead Exposure May Adversely Affect Adult Personalities, "AUSTIN, Texas — Lead exposure in childhood may lead to less mature and less healthy personalities in adulthood, according to a new study led by psychology researchers at The University of Texas at Austin. The study, published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, sampled more than 1.5 million people in 269 U.S. counties and 37 European nations. Researchers found that those who grew up in areas with higher levels of atmospheric lead had less adaptive personalities in adulthood — lower levels of conscientiousness and agreeableness and higher levels of neuroticism."
What about lead in glazed pottery?
Health officials warned New Yorkers on Tuesday to stop using ceramic dishes and cups that aren’t food-safe after several cases of lead poisoning were recently reported
Ceramics that aren’t food-safe have been found to have lead levels that are thousands of times greater than the allowable limit, according to the health department
Lead exposure can cause learning and behavior problems in children, DOH officials said. In adults, it can increase blood pressure and affect the brain, kidneys and reproductive organs