Lead Pipes Position paper
CWD relies on interim controls to reduce how much lead leaches into the water system. These interim controls include use of orthophosphate and control of the pH of the water.
With an estimated 110,000 lead service lines in the City at an average cost of $4,000 per public-side replacement, approximately $440 million dollars will be needed to replace every lead service line in the City. At the same time, additional money would be needed to make the corresponding private-side service replacements, depending on site-specific considerations.
CWD complies with the US EPA Lead and Copper rule by spot checking water from customer taps. The EPA Lead and Copper Rule has recently been strengthened, calling for testing procedures that capture water which has been held in lead service lines longer while also lowering the permissible level of lead in drinking water samples. CWD will be required to meet the new standards by 2024.
CWD currently has a program to replace LSLs for 450 Child Care facilities. The program is funded by Ohio EPA’s Water Supply Revolving Loan Account (WSRLA) forgivable loan and a grant from Ohio’s H2Ohio Fund. Total project cost is $1,000,000. Under this program, CWD replaces both public service lines and service lines into the child care facility at no charge to the property owner.
Coordinating with CWD, the Ohio Department of Health is working on a pilot program (WIIN) to provide lead water testing and counselling to Cuyahoga County child care providers deemed to be high-risk areas based on risk factors such as their presence in areas with high incidences of Elevated Blood Lead Levels.